Raymond "Boz" Burrell was born on the 1st of August in 1946. He was an
English musician who was originally a vocalist and guitarist but is best
known for his bass playing and work with the bands King Crimson and Bad Company.
Earthbound is a live album by the band King Crimson
which contains two improvised tracks with scat vocals from Burrell. Earthbound was released in 1972 as a budget record shortly after the line-up that
recorded it had broken up. It contains the band's first official live
release of their signature song "21st Century Schizoid Man," and an extended live version of their 1970 non-LP B-sideGroon.
The album's sound quality is very poor, because of its being recorded
onto cassette tape (a low-fidelity recording medium by 1972 standards)
by live sound engineer Hunter MacDonald. The liner notes to the original
LP cover and recent CD reissues of the album state that it was
"captured live on an Ampex stereo cassette fed from a Kelsey Morris custom built mixer ... in the rain from the back of a Volkswagen truck." Atlantic Records, King Crimson's original North American distributor, declined release of Earthbound
because of its poor sound engineering. Because of its cassette origins,
the sound could not be significantly improved on later CD reissues of
In 1981, King Crimson reformed with a change in musical direction which lasted for three years, resulting in the trio of albums Discipline (1981) (link below), Beat (1982), and Three of a Perfect Pair (1984). Following a decade-long hiatus, Fripp revived the group in 1994 and released Thrak
(1995). Since 1997, several musicians have pursued aspects of the
band's work and approaches through a series of related bands
collectively referred to as ProjeKCts. In 2000, the band reunited once
more and released The Construkction of Light (2000). The band's most recent album is The Power to Believe
(2003). In 2009 the band undertook a tour to celebrate their 40th
Anniversary and continue to perform live in various capacities.
The first incarnation of King Crimson
formed in London on 30 November 1968 and first rehearsed on 13 January
1969. The band's name was coined by lyricist, roadie, and art strategist
Peter Sinfield, though it is not meant to be a synonym for Beelzebub, prince of demons. (According to Fripp, Beelzebub would be an anglicised form of the Arabic phrase "B'il Sabab", meaning "the man with an aim".)
Historically and etymologically, a "crimson king" was any monarch
during whose reign there was civil unrest and copious bloodshed; the
album debuted at the height of worldwide opposition to the military involvement of the United States in Southeast Asia.
McDonald was the group's main composer, albeit with contributions from
Lake and Fripp, while Sinfield wrote the lyrics, designed and operated
the band's stage lighting, being credited with "sounds and visions".
McDonald suggested the band purchase a Mellotron, and they began using it to create an orchestral rock sound, inspired by the Moody Blues.
Sinfield described Crimson thus: "If it sounded at all popular, it was
out. So it had to be complicated, it had to be more expansive chords, it
had to have strange influences. If it sounded, like, too simple, we'd
make it more complicated, we'd play it in 7/8 or 5/8, just to show off".
Fripp and Sinfield recorded the second King Crimson album, In the Wake of Poseidon, in 1970 with the Giles brothers hired back as the session rhythm section, and with jazz pianist Keith Tippett and Circus saxophonist Mel Collins as guest musicians.
After a search for new musicians, Fripp and Sinfield secured a returning Collins and Ian Wallace on drums. Auditions for a singer included those from Bryan Ferry, Elton John, and John Gaydon, the band's manager. The position went to Raymond "Boz" Burrell
leaving Fripp and Wallace teaching Burrell to play bass rather than
continue auditions. Though he had not played bass before, Burrell had
played enough rhythm guitar to assist him in learning the instrument.
With the line-up complete, King Crimson toured in 1971 for the first
time since 1969.
In the 1990s Burrell worked with such acts as Alvin Lee for his Best of British Blues tour of 1996 and Ruby Turner, but his main creative outlet was with his partnership with the Scottish blues singer, Tam White.
Their collaboration developed into a trio, The Shoe String Band and a
big band, the Celtic Groove Connection. White was present at Burrell's
apartment in Marbella, Spain, when Burrell suddenly died of a heart attack during rehearsals, on September 21, 2006. He was 60 years old.
A1 - 21st Century Schizoid Man, written by Lake*, McDonald*, Giles*, Sinfield*, Fripp* - 11:45
A2 - Peoria, written by Burrell*, Wallace*, Collins*, Fripp* - 7:30
A3 - The Sailor's Tale, written by Fripp* - 4:45
B1 - Earthbound, written by Burrell*, Wallace*, Collins*, Fripp* - 7:08
Engineer – Hunter Macdonald, John Robson (tracks: A1, B2)
Producer – Robert Fripp
Technician [VCS3 Operated By] – Hunter*
Published By – E.G. Music Ltd.
Phonographic Copyright (p) – Island Records Ltd.
Printed By – MacNeill Press Ltd.
Produced For – E.G. Records Ltd.
Man' and 'Groon' were recorded at Wilmington, Delaware on 11 February
1972; 'Peoria' at Peoria on 10 March 1972; 'The Sailors Tale' at
Jacksonville, Florida 26 February 1972; 'Earthbound' at Orlando, Florida
27 February 1972.
The recordings were captured live on
an ampex stereo cassette fed from a Kelsey Morris custom built mixer
operated by John Robson and Hunter Macdonald on Schizoid Man and Groon and Hunter Macdonald on the other titles: at Jacksonville in the rain from the back of a Volkswagon truck.
Madonna has been
acclaimed as a singer, songwriter, actress, and
businesswoman. She is known for reinventing both her music and image, and for maintaining her autonomy within the recording industry. Her other ventures include fashion design, writing children's books, and filmmaking.
Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, was born today, August 15, in 1925. He was a Canadian jazz pianist, composer and called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington. He released over 200 recordings, won eight Grammy Awards,
and received numerous other awards and honours. He is considered one of
the greatest jazz pianists with a career lasting more than 60 years.
As a child, Peterson studied with Hungarian-born pianist Paul de Marky, a student of István Thomán. Thomán was a pupil of Franz Liszt,
so his training was predominantly based on classical piano. Meanwhile,
he was captivated by traditional jazz and learned several ragtime pieces and especially the boogie-woogie. At that time Peterson was called "the Brown Bomber of the Boogie-Woogie".
In 1940, at fourteen years of age, Peterson won the national music competition organized by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
After that victory, he dropped out of school and became a professional
pianist working for a weekly radio show, and playing at hotels and music
Some of the artists who influenced Peterson's music during the earlier type of years were Teddy Wilson, Nat "King" Cole, James P. Johnson and Art Tatum. Tatum and Peterson eventually became good friends, although Peterson was
always shy about being compared with Tatum and rarely played the piano
in Tatum's presence. Peterson absorbed Tatum's musical influences, notably from piano concertos by Sergei Rachmaninoff. Rachmaninoff's harmonizations, as well as direct quotations from his 2nd Piano Concerto,
are thrown in here and there in many recordings by Peterson, including
his work with the most familiar formulation of the Oscar Peterson Trio,
with bassist Ray Brown and guitarist Herb Ellis.
An important step in Peterson's career was joining the impresarioNorman Granz labels (especially Verve) (link below) and the Granz "Jazz at the Philharmonic" project (link Below). Granz discovered Peterson in a peculiar manner. As the impresario was being taken to Montreal airport
by cab, the radio was playing a live broadcast of Peterson at a local
night club. Granz was so smitten by what he heard that he ordered the
driver to take him to the club so that he could meet the pianist. In
1949, Granz introduced Peterson at a Carnegie HallJazz at the Philharmonic show in New York City. Granz remained Peterson's manager for most of his career.
Peterson wrote pieces for piano, for trio, for quartet and for big band.
He also wrote several songs, and made recordings as a singer. Probably
his best-known compositions are Canadiana Suite and Hymn to Freedom,
the latter composed in the 1960s and inspired by the civil rights movement in the United States (links below).
Peterson had arthritis
since his youth, and in later years could hardly button his shirt.
Never slender, his weight increased to 125 kg (276 lb), hindering his
mobility. He had hip replacement surgery in the early 1990s.
Although the surgery was successful, his mobility was still inhibited.
Somewhat later, in 1993, Peterson suffered a serious stroke that
weakened his left side and sidelined him for two years. Also in 1993
incoming Prime Minister and longtime Peterson fan and friend Jean Chrétien offered Peterson the position of Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, but according to Chrétien he declined, citing the health problems from his recent stroke.
After the stroke, Peterson recuperated for about two years. He
gradually regained mobility and some control of his left hand. However,
his virtuosity was never restored to the original level, and his playing
after his stroke relied principally on his right hand.
In 1995 he returned to public performances on a limited basis, and also
made several live and studio recordings for Telarc. In 1997 he received
a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement and an International Jazz Hall of Fame Award. Canadian politician, friend, and amateur pianist Bob Rae contends that "a one-handed Oscar was better than just about anyone with two hands".
Peterson's health declined rapidly in 2007. He had to cancel his performance at the 2007 Toronto Jazz Festival
and his attendance at a June 8, 2007, Carnegie Hall all-star
performance in his honour, owing to illness. On December 23, 2007,
Peterson died of kidney failure at his home in Mississauga, Ontario.