September 4, 2016

Phonography (ήχο γραφής) ~ What is it?

Phonography, ήχο γραφής, is Greek (the lingua franca for the ancient world) for "sound writing". I have always considered the phonograph record a written sound document; not with words but bumps, crevasses and grooves. However, I found the word has mainly been applied only to written dictation, according to various sources, with the exceptions below:  

The Oxford Dictionary mentions the phonograph:

phonography

Pronunciation: /fəˈnɒɡrəfi/
Entry from British & World English dictionary



noun

1Phonetic representation or spelling.
2Specifically. Isaac Pitman's name for: the system of phonetic shorthand that he invented in 1837.
3The recording of sound, especially by means of a phonautograph or phonograph; the construction and use of phonographs. Now chiefly historical

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Wiktionary.com says this: (dated) The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.     

phonography

Contents

English

Etymology

From French phonographie

Noun

phonography ‎(usually uncountable, plural phonographies)
  1. The transcription of speech using symbols.
  2. A form of shorthand using such symbols.
  3. (dated) The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.
 Origin

 Early 18th century. From phono- + -graphy. With sense 2 compare phonographic. With sense 3 compare earlier phonology.

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phonography.org has this to say:

phonographers


The phonographers section aims at creating a directory of artists who use phonographies (field recordings) as a primary instrument in their compositions.

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The standard definitions refer mostly to shorthand or stenography dictation:  


Merriam-Webster says:

phonography

noun pho·nog·ra·phy \fə-ˈnä-grə-fē, fō-\
  1. 1 :  spelling based on pronunciation
  2. 2 :  a system of shorthand writing based on sound
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phonography

[foh-nog-ruh-fee]



noun, plural phonographies for 2.



1. phonetic spelling, writing, or shorthand.
2. a system of phonetic shorthand, as that invented by Sir Isaac Pitman in 1837.

Origin of phonography  
1695-1705: phono- + -graphy




Styrous® ~ Sunday, September 4, 2016 






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